John Maynard Keynes in Modern Macroeconomics Education (Part 3)
Ohanian (2008, p10-11) notes that Keynes’s 100 year prediction was highly accurate despite the lack of empirical record and insufficient theory at the time he wrote the essay. Keynes wanted a society where production was no longer a problem and there was equal choice for everyone. To put it simply, all wants can be satisfied due to increasing productivity from constant technological progress. Keynes even forecasted that eventually society will reach a point where too much leisure becomes a problem. Ohanian states that Keynes’s forecast of dramatically decreasing work hours in the future was near to that predicted by a modern growth model, and this was a stunning achievement for his time period. However, his prediction of the future state of leisure is still very far off the mark and for the time being does not seem very likely.
Keynes was no doubt a brilliant contributor to economics, and one that was far ahead of his time. The oversimplification and exclusion of much of his work in textbooks could be seen as insulting by some scholars, but perhaps it is of necessity to the technocratic age that we live in. In an era where the focus on results and technology dominate the analytical process, it is most probably best if the neoclassical vision of textbooks remained for the time being. In conclusion, it can be said that the content of macroeconomics textbooks does leave a lot to be desired particularly when it comes to Keynes and in general, the political economy. By reducing macroeconomics to mainly calculations and forecasts to maximize wellbeing, the more thoughtful and challenging side of economics has been left out. If prior to Keynes textbooks were planned around Adam Smith’s teachings, it would be very interesting to know which economist would be the next to mark a revolution in macroeconomics education.
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